PDF Co-Counselling: The Theory and Practice of Re-evaluation Counselling (Advancing Theory in Therapy)

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It is actually a life-changing, revolutionary theory and practice based on observation and experimentation by a growing group of people in over 90 countries. This recovery process is very simple, and is found in ALL humans from all races and cultures. It is quite a physical process — it involves crying, trembling or shaking, sweating, moving, yawning and talking about our experiences, thoughts and feelings.

It is a very profound healing technique — it really can transform a traumatic experience into just something that happened.

Person-Centred Therapy: A Clinical Philosophy (Advancing Theory in Therapy)

Somehow most societies have evolved to somehow mistake this healing process for the hurt itself, and people are made to suppress it from a very early age. But in fact, when someone is hurt and is crying, if the crying is stopped then the hurt does not vanish, but goes underground. The effort it takes to suppress painful feelings has the result of making our thought processes, designed to be flexible, become rigid and stuck.

Examples of this can be seen everywhere. Homophobia : the irrational fear of closeness with a person of the same gender. This fear is not part of the inherent nature of human beings, but installed on us by society. Identification, Identity Check : checking to see if a person reminds one of someone else, and thus has pre-existing patterns about that person which will need to be cleared up. It is a good idea to do an identity check with any new counselor so that reminders of another person do not interfere with your session.

Identity : a category to which a person believes they belong identifies with , due to genetics, culture or history. Examples are: male, female, African-American, owning-class, middle-class, working class, raised poor, gay, lesbian, veteran, etc. Heterosexuality as a form of reproduction is inherent among humans. Heterosexual identity refers to a rigid set of characteristics and behaviours, based on societally-imposed distress patterns , that function to maintain sexism , men's oppression , and Gay oppression, and to keep people separated from each other.

This is in contrast with the usual approach in society to divide people, e. Examples of inclusion in RC activities: selecting workshop sites accessible to people in wheel chairs, translation in sign language in workshops, providing translations of literature and at all RC gatherings for people whose native language is different from the speaker's. Inherent Nature : underlying nature of human beings characterized by our best expectations of humans. We are completely good, intelligent, powerful, connected to all human beings.

We are naturally zestful, loving and cooperative. We are also vulnerable to the installation of distress patterns. Intelligence : the ability to create a new, successful, creative response to fit each new, present situation. Intensive : giving one-way, concentrated counseling to a single client by a group of counselors, for several hours or days.

Intensives are given to a person who is in some transitional phase, great leap, or crisis. It is recommended that each community area, region gives their leader intensives regularly. Leaders from all over the world can have intensives with Personal Counselors, Inc.

Intermittent Pattern : a pattern , which only operates at specific times. A person usually notices it because the behavior is not considered to be the normal or beneficial way of operating. Internalized Oppression : the result of finally believing a distress pattern which was installed by external oppression and then acting out this distress on oneself or on members of one's own group.

See Identity. Invalidate, Invalidation : downgrade, belittle, make negative comments or judgements about a person. See Validation.

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Unofficial RC glossary

May be an internalized oppression from being forced to be alone for long periods as a child. Leadership is an inherent natural ability of human intelligence. Every person is born with natural leadership. It is not limited to only a few people. Liberation : working to end oppression by discharging internalized patterns of oppression and by changing oppressive institutions and behavior.

Examples: Men's liberation, Women's liberation, Jewish liberation, etc. Liberation [Draft] Policy : a document which analyzes the reasons, aspects and the character of the oppression operated on a specific group, and proposes goals and strategies for that group's liberatio n. Material : information presented during a session about a person's life, distress patterns , stories, etc. Men's Oppression : oppression of the human male, starting right after birth. Expressed in a series of hurts, such as prevention of discharge , the idea that it is honorable for men to kill and get killed, to be violent, competitive, and suppress feelings.

What is CO-COUNSELING? What does CO-COUNSELING mean? CO-COUNSELING meaning & explanation

In contrast to all other oppressions, for men there is no other group who carries on the oppression; the entire society is the oppressor. Almost every person in the society has some role in men's oppression, and has rigid opinions and "beliefs" that are oppressive to men. The main victims are people who were "treated" or still are in the system and their family members. The direct oppression is expressed in harmful "treatment" methods, loss of freedom, isolation, drugging, humiliation, labeling, discrimination in employment and much more.

This oppression is also operated on ALL people, via schools and other institutions, and used as a whip to force all of us "to be normal," to conform. Among other things MHO also seriously damages the natural healing mechanism, the discharge process. This is not intended to demean mental health workers, most of whom are caring, loving people who are doing the best they can in difficult, resource-limited institutions. MH system survivors are men and women who are or were "treated" by the system and survived some people actually die in the system , and their relatives. Mini or Mini-session : short session , usually from 2 to 20 minutes for each person, for the purpose of clearing away current restimulations before beginning some task.


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Always used at the beginning of most RC classes and meetings, as learning is difficult or impossible when restimulated. Natural Recovery Process : discharge and re-evaluation. Nature of Human Beings : see Inherent Nature. News and Goods : positive things that we notice about ourselves, our lives, or the world around us in order to become more present. Occluded Memory : a memory that is hard to get at is not remembered, perhaps for many years as a result of the hurtful experience it is connected to. On-going class : An RC class that continues on after a fundamentals class has been completed.

It may meet for a fixed length of time or continue meeting as long as members are willing to attend. One-on-one : teaching another person the fundamentals of co-counseling by individual instruction rather than in a fundamentals class. One-Point Program of the Re-evaluation Counseling Communities: That the only program of the Re-evaluation Counseling Communities which is binding on all members be: Through Re-evaluation Counseling to seek recovery of one's occluded intelligence and to assist others to do the same.

That all other activities undertaken by the Community be in support of this program and that no agreement beyond consistency with this program be required of members of the Community. One-way counseling: a time when the counselor and client do not exchange roles. Also called one-way time. This is used when demonstrating counseling techniques in a class or workshop, or for special occasions when changing roles may not be possible, as when someone is very ill or has just been injured.

In addtion, all young people are given one-way time until they are old enough to choose to be in the role of counselor. Oppression : the systematic mistreatment of a group of people -- not for what they've done but for whom they are -- enforced by society and its institutions. Oppression of Gay People : oppression on the basis of sexual preferences. The systematic mistreatment of people who identify as homosexuals, lesbians or bisexuals. Expressed, for example, by treating the sexual preference as a sin or illness, humiliating people, discrimination, physical abuse.

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Oppression of Old People : called also agism oppression of people who have reached a certain age, pushing them out of work and leadership, viewing them as lacking flexibility, ugly, stupid etc. Oppressor Role : the role of agreeing to carry out oppression. The person in the oppressor role has always been oppressed first -- accepting the role is the least awful method of coping with the oppression. Panel : a method of presenting information about the oppression of a specific group, by inviting several members of that group to sit in front of the community e.

The leader can offer some questions to the group and can also serve as a counselor to them, encouraging them to express what their lives were like under the oppression. It is also possible to let the people in the community to say briefly what they have learned from the panel, guiding them not to "take time" or "argue" with what has been said.

Everything said in the panel should be treated as session material.

Personal development

Examples: panels of men, women, people of color. Also see Chronic , Control , Intermittent. In such mode, the most important part is played by the tone of voice and the facial expressions of the counselor. The main initiative in permissive counseling is taken by the client. This mode may be effective when struggling with intermittent patterns. The other mode is Directive counseling. Powerlessness, the opposite of power, is never inherent but always an acquired distress pattern. Present : the quality of living and experiencing the benign reality as it is right now, as contrasted with re-experiencing or living in the past or worrying about and living in the future.

Planning for future, rational goals is a present time activity. This is one of the purposes of News and Goods , Minis and other activities. Every session should start and end in present time. Present Time : now, as contrasted with the past already completed and unchangeable or the future yet to come and full of opportunities.

Pseudo Reality : reality as perceived as a result of all our accumulated distress. Often described as being born in a clear bubble, then having blobs of paint and grime distress deposited on the bubble, thus limiting or distorting our perceptions. The sum of all the distress in our culture and world are the root cause of all our major difficulties in relating to one another.

Also see Benign Reality. Rational : intelligent. Using one's natural ability as a human to think clearly and choose creative new responses that fit new situations exactly. Although distress recordings may block one's intelligence, the mind functions in an inherently rational manner except when there has been physical damage to the brain. Rational Island : name of the publisher of all RC books and materials. Rational Need : physical, emotional and mental needs which are essential for our existence and survival. Examples: the need to love and be loved, to sleep, to rest, to breathe, to eat, to play, to exercise, to get close to people.

It is possible to think, plan and fully supply all the rational needs. The rational needs and the "amount" we need from each, may vary during our life. If in our childhood, certain rational needs were not met, and we were not allowed to discharge on those hurts, they may get out of our rational control and become frozen needs. RC Class : a series of meetings, led by a teacher, in which people study the theory and practice of RC, improve counseling abilities and get personal support for their reemergence.

Also see Fundamentals and On-going. The main on-line reference for RC theory and practice and even an on-line fundamentals class. Reality : see Benign Reality. Reality Agreement : agreement between client and counselor to operate outside distress , understanding that we are completely good, that the actual reality of the universe is completely different than the pseudo-reality which is offered to us as a substitute for reality.

Re-emergence : process of discharging old hurts and re-evaluating to reclaim our inherent nature in all its qualities. Recovers the intelligence that was tied up in undischarged distress. Allows us to live in benign reality instead of pseudo reality. Reference Person : the person who is responsible for thinking and making decisions about a community , or grouping of communities or liberation area.

These are all listed in a section of the Present Time journal. Region : an organizational structure of RC communities which contains a number of areas. The requirement for a region and its structure are defined in the guidelines. Restimulation : a trigger, which activates a pattern -- can be any sensation or word that connects to reminds one of the original hurt distress underlying the pattern. This usually happens unawarely, but nevertheless is our mind's intentional bringing up of past distress with the hope of securing attention from another person or persons and achieving some discharge in order to heal.

Another definition : Restimulation is the, often or usually unaware but nevertheless intentional, choosing to bring up past distresses, using the excuse of similarities in the present, in the hope of converting the present into a counseling situation for the person to be client and in which somebody else will pay enough attention that the person can secure some discharge. Re-evaluation : evaluating the information that couldn't be thought through, either when you received it during a hurtful experience, or during restimulation , because your thinking was shut down by distress.

The term "evaluation" is a synonym for thinking flexibly and intelligently, comparing and contrasting new information with previous information and understanding it in relation to what we already know. This is the way humans think.


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The term "re-evaluation" indicates that an experience couldn't be evaluated because the evaluator was turned off, but that with discharge , the person's intelligence is freed to think it through, to understand it, or to "re-evaluate. Re-evaluation Counseling RC : the process of discharging and re-evaluating in a deliberate and systematic manner usually in the mode of Co-Counseling. Rehearsing Distress : see Dramatization. Relationship Session : a type of counseling meeting activity in which a counselor in this case taking the role of a relationship counselor assists two or more people that have a difficulty in their relationship often due to miscommunication , to start to communicate rationally, discharge distress behind their difficulties and improve the relationship.

The counselor then works with the first client on the distresses that come up. The same is done with the other client. The idea is that the involved people will continue after this session to do sessions between them or with others, in order to take full responsibility and solve the problems, and not to develop a dependent relationship with the counselor.

Role Exchange : a counseling technique in which the counselor plays the role or the identity of the client usually as a victim while the client gets to play the role of someone who had a significant effect on their lives.